Grammar in Speaking – Part II: grammar learning

Grammar is important in speaking
Grammar is important in speaking

For some people, learning grammar can be discouraging. Some others tend to go through the grammar to get the whole idea of how a language is used. Whatever method you’re using, grammar is not a negligible part of language learning. The problem is not about whether learning grammar or not, but rather how grammar learning is presented.

If you’re a student easily discouraged when hearing the word “grammar”, then it’s a good thing to learn language directly from listening materials. Extensive drilling is also an important component for speaking practice. However, when writing becomes necessary, then you need to sharpen your intuition. You need to realize that certain words appear before or after certain other words. You also need to know the function and position of the words. Because you learn language through listening materials extensively, the instinct of pairing words and putting them into sentences won’t be difficult.

There is an easier way to learn to speak correctly without being afraid of “grammar” discouragement notwithstanding. First, find the similarities between the sentence pattern of the target language and of your language. With simple words, try making simple sentences. Repeat the sentence until you feel that the sentence is not that different from your language. At the same time, find also differences such as verb forms (inflection), noun forms (declension), the usage of particles and articles, and others. In this phase of learning, it is not important to know how the verbs/nouns are changing, or in what situations you should use them, as long as you can make simple sentences useful for you. When you you’re used to making simple sentences like this, it is hoped that you have already mastered at least ten verbs, and twice the number for the nouns. Make sure you choose important and useful words for you that you’d encounter in your daily life, and make sure you know exactly what and how the native speakers use the words.

Then move on to making noun phrases and put them into the sentences that you’ve been learning. Noun phrases, including possessive patterns, are quite tricky to master. Get yourselves used to this before you move further.

By the time you master noun phrases, you basically have mastered simple sentence pattern. Now, to make your speaking skill better, you need to master conjunctions to make your sentences less simple. From this point, you can start using more complex expressions using different verb forms and learn when you should use it.

When learning a foreign language becomes easier you mustn’t forget to always do a listening practice to drill not only the pronunciation, but also your ability to recognize situations and context. As you master the language, you will also know your weakness. You should be able to tackle this to perfect you foreign language mastery.

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